Journal article
Zum Einfluss des Anlaufwinkels und der Füßigkeit des Schützen auf die Antizipation von Elfmeterschüssen

Publication Details
Loffing, F.; Hagemann, N.
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Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie
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Previous reports suggest that a penalty taker's approach angle may affect goalkeepers' interceptive actions. However, experimental verification of the influence of approach angle on shot direction prediction from a goalkeepers' perspective has not yet been provided. In a video-based experiment, we manipulated left- and right-footed penalty-takers' approach angles under six conditions (0° - 50°) and we asked goalkeepers, field players, and non-soccer-players (20 participants per group) to predict the penalties' shot direction. Goalkeepers and field players outperformed non-soccer-players. Anticipation performance, on average, was best under the 20° and 30° conditions and worst under the 0° and 40° conditions, and left-footed shots were harder to predict than right-footed shots. Further analyses showed that the observers' tendency to make bottom corner predictions as well as the confidence in their predictions overall decreased with increasing approach angle. Collectively, our findings provide preliminary evidence to suggest that goalkeepers' anticipation performance is influenced by a penalty taker's approach angle.

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Last updated on 2021-28-07 at 14:55