Journal article
Regulation defective mutants of type I cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Consequences of replacing arginine 94 and arginine 95

Publication Details
Buechler, Y.; Herberg, F.; Taylor, S.
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Journal of Biological Chemistry
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The type I alpha regulatory subunits of cAMP-dependent protein kinase contain an autoinhibitor site, Arg94-Arg-Gly-Ala-Ile, which serves as a pseudosubstrate. To evaluate their contribution to subunit association, Arg94 and Arg95, key determinants for peptide recognition, were replaced singly and in tandem with Ala, Glu, and His. Unlike substrate peptides in which replacement of either arginine leads to an increase in Km of approximately 3 orders of magnitude, replacement of either arginine causes only a maximal 20-fold decrease in subunit association. Replacement of both arginine residues with alanine, however, generates a regulatory subunit that can no longer recombine with the catalytic subunit under physiological conditions when the regulatory subunit is saturated with cAMP. To evaluate more fully the specific consequences of replacing these 2 arginine residues, a rapid gel filtration chromatographic method was developed so that subunit affinity could be measured independently of assaying for catalytic activity. The R94,95A mutant shows a Kd(app) = 677 nM, representing an increase of greater than 3 orders of magnitude compared with the native subunits in the presence of MgATP. In the absence of MgATP, the Kd(app) for native regulatory subunit was 125 nM, whereas the Kd(app) for the R94,R95A mutant regulatory subunit was determined to 2.87 microM. When this mutant holoenzyme is assayed at microM concentrations, no activity is observed, whereas below microM, activity is observed because of cAMP-independent subunit dissociation.

Last updated on 2019-25-07 at 18:03